Medical Advocates

Ethics and
Infectious Diseases
  Ethical Challenges
Screening/Testing
Refusal of Care/Services
Detention

Patient Exploitation
Compulsory Treatment
Decision-Making
Reproduction
Transplants
End-of-Life Care
Enteral Nutrition
Professional Associations
National Challenges    Sterilization
Bioterrorism                Prison Challenges
HIV Exceptionalism     Conflicts of Interest

Pharmaceutical Industry
HIV Prevention   
Stigma
Physician Reimbursement 
Ethics and Disease Challenges and Duties
HIV Cure
Ebola Virus Disease
Executions







 

Ethics Main Page Main New and Noteworthy Home Page

Last Update:  April 10, 2017
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Screening/Testing
         

              Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries

  Ethical issues surrounding the provider initiated opt - Out prenatal HIV screening practice in Sub - Saharan Africa: a literature review.
Bain LE, Dierickx K, Hens K.

BMC Med Ethics
. 2015 Oct 24;16(1):73.
Abstract

Ethical implications of HIV self-testing.
Youngs J, Hooper C.
J Med Ethics
. 2015 Aug 14.
Abstract

The Ethical, Legal and Human Rights Concerns Raised by Licensing HIV Self-Testing for Private Use.
Allais L, Venter F.
AIDS Behav. 2014 Jun 18
Abstract

Clinical Uncertainties, Health Service Challenges, and Ethical Complexities of HIV "Test-and-Treat": A Systematic Review.
Kulkarni SP, Shah KR, Sarma KV, Mahajan AP.
Am J Public Health. 2013 Apr 18
Abstract

FULL TEXT ARTICLE
The ethics of unlinked anonymous testing of blood: views from in-depth interviews with key informants in four countries.
Kessel AS, Datta J, Wellings K, Perman S.
BMJ Open
. 2012 Dec 20;2(6).
Paper

FULL-TEXT ARTICLE
Ethics of screening for asymptomatic herpes virus type 2 infection
Krantz I, Gun-Britt Lowhagen G-B, Ahlberg BM, et al  

BMJ 
 2004;329:618-621
Paper

 

Patient Exploitation
 

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 
 
FULL-TEXT PDF ARTICLE
Health, human rights, and the conduct of clinical research within oppressed populations.
Mills EJ, Singh S. 
Global Health. 2007 Nov 8;3(1):10
Paper

FULL-TEXT ARTICLE
Crossing professional boundaries in medicine: the slippery slope to patient sexual
exploitation.
Galletly CA. 
Med J Aust. 2004 Oct 4;181(7):380-3
Paper


Refusal of Care/Services
 

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 
  Homeless persons' decisions to accept or reject public health disease-detection
services.
Swigart V, Kolb R.
Public Health Nurs. 2004 Mar-Apr;21(2):162-70
Abstract

Detention
 

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries

  Detention and the evolving threat of tuberculosis: evidence, ethics, and law.
Coker R, Thomas M, Lock K, Martin R.
J Law Med Ethics. 2007 Winter;35(4):609-15.

Abstract

Compulsory Treatment
 

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries

  Frontiers in care: a case of compulsory treatment in AIDS dementia. Case study and
commentaries.

Higgs R, Pinching AJ.

J Med Ethics
2000 Feb;26(1):61-5

Abstract

Decision-Making
 

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 
 
Clinical Uncertainties, Health Service Challenges, and Ethical Complexities of HIV "Test-and-Treat": A Systematic Review.
Kulkarni SP, Shah KR, Sarma KV, Mahajan AP.
Am J Public Health. 2013 Apr 18
Abstract

Problems With Prioritization: Exploring Ethical Solutions to Inequalities in HIV Care.
Johansson KA, Norheim OF.
Am J Bioeth. 2011 Dec;11(12):32-40.
Abstract

Living with conflicts-ethical dilemmas and moral distress in the health care system.
Kalvemark S, Hoglund AT, Hansson MG, et al.
Soc Sci Med. 2004 Mar; 58(6): 1075-84
Abstract

Internal and External Standards for Medical Morality.
Beauchamp TL
J Med Philos
2001 Dec;26(6):601-619
Abstract

 

Post-Exposure Prophylaxis following
Non-Occupational HIV Exposure

            Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 
  Post-exposure prophylaxis following non-occupational exposure to HIV: risks, uncertainties,
and ethics.

Mackie NE, Coker RJ
Int J STD AIDS 2000 Jul;11(7):424-7

Abstract
   
  HIV post-exposure therapy for drug users in treatment.
O'Connor PG
J Subst Abuse Treat 2000 Jan;18(1):17-21
Abstract

Names Reporting/ Partner Notification
 

           Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 
  Support Among Persons Infected with HIV for Routine Health Department Contact
for HIV Partner Notification.
Golden MR, Hopkins SG, Morris M
 
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr
2003 Feb 1;32(2):196-202
Abstract
 

Transplants
         

General Reports

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 
 
Realizing HOPE: The Ethics of Organ Transplantation From HIV-Positive Donors.
Durand CM, Segev D, Sugarman J. 
Ann Intern
Med
. 2016 Apr 5
Abstract

The transplantation of solid organs from HIV-positive donors to HIV-negative recipients: ethical implications.
Wispelwey BP, Zivotofsky AZ, Jotkowitz AB.

J Med Ethics
. 2014 Jun 4
Abstract

Preliminary report from a prison survey: Should prisoners be considered as organ donors?
Durczyński A, Pietrzak M, Strzelczyk
J. Ann Transplant. 2013 Nov 8;18:604-8.
Abstract

The use of prisoners as sources of organs-an ethically dubious practice.
Caplan A.
Am J Bioeth. 2011 Oct;11(10):1-5.
Abstract

Ethical and scientific issues surrounding solid organ transplantation in HIV-positive patients:
Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence.
Christie T, Jiwani B, Asrat G, et al 
Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2006 Jan;17(1):15-8.
Abstract

Ethics of organ donation and transplantation involving prisoners: the debate extends
beyond our borders.

Westall GP, Komesaroff P, Gorton MW, Snell GI.

Intern Med J.
2008 Jan;38(1):56-9.
Abstract
 

Organ transplantation using organs taken from executed prisoners in China--a call for the
cessation of Israeli participation in the process.
 

Lavee J.
Lavee J.Harefuah.
2006 Oct;145(10):749-52,
Abstract
 
Human organs, scarcities, and sale: morality revisited
Kishore RR  
J Med Ethics 2005;31 362-365
Am J Transplant. 2005 Jun;5(6):1319-25
Abstract

 


HCV+ Patients   

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 

  Hemodialysis patients with hepatitis C: should they be considered for renal transplant.
Mansy H, El-Sherif M, El-Dusari MS, Faqeeh M.
Saudi Med J. 2003 Jul;24 Suppl 2:S127-8.
Abstract
 
HIV+ Patients   

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries

 
Ethics, research and HIV: lessons learned: a workshop report.
Reznik DA, Croser D, Kadrianto TH, Lavanya R. 
Oral Dis. 2016 Feb 11.
Abstract

Ethical and scientific issues surrounding solid organ transplantation in HIV-positive patients:
Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence.
Christie T, Jiwani B, Asrat G, et al 
Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2006 Jan;17(1):15-8.
Abstract
 

Should HIV-positive patients with lymphoma be offered stem cell transplants?
Krishnan A, Zaia J, Forman SJ.

Bone Marrow Transplant.
2003 Oct;32(8):741-8.
Abstract
 

         Conference Reports, Abstracts, and Posters
 
  The ethics of HIV and solid organ transplantation
Braff J
(XVI International AIDS Conference
)
Abstract

Reproductive Challenges
         

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 
 

Taskforce 8: Ethics of medically assisted fertility treatment for HIV positive men and
women.

Shenfield F, Pennings G, Cohen J,
 
Hum Reprod.
2004 Sep 30
Abstract


End 0f Life Care
Provider-Assisted Suicide        

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 
 
Expert Perspectives on Western European Prison Health Services: Do Ageing Prisoners Receive Equivalent Care?
Bretschneider W, Elger BS.

J Bioeth Inq
. 2014 Jun 26
Abstract

Understanding Death in Custody: A Case for a Comprehensive Definition.
Ruiz G, Wangmo T, Mutzenberg P,  et al

J Bioeth Inq
. 2014 Jun 26.
Abstract

Ageing Prisoners' Views on Death and Dying: Contemplating End-of-Life in Prison.
Handtke V, Wangmo T. 

J Bioeth Inq
. 2014 Jun 26.
Abstract

Allowing Adolescents and Young Adults to Plan Their End-of-Life Care.
Wiener L, Zadeh S, Battles H, Baird K, et al
Pediatrics
. 2012 Oct 8
Abstract

End-of-life practices in palliative care: a cross sectional survey of physician members of the
German Society for Palliative Medicine.
Schildmann J, Hoetzel J, Mueller-Busch C, Vollmann J.

Palliat Med. 2010 Sep 6
Abstract

Clinical decision making in palliative care and end of life care.
Mahon MM.

Nurs Clin North Am
. 2010 Sep;45(3):345-62.
Abstract
 
Research in end-of-life settings: an ethical inquiry.
LeBlanc TW, Wheeler JL, Abernethy AP.
J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother. 2010 Sep;24(3):244-50.
Abstract

Who Will Speak for Me? Improving End-of-Life Decision-Making for Adolescents With HIV
and Their Families.
Lyon ME, Garvie PA, McCarter R, et al
Pediatrics. 2009 Feb;123(2):e199-206.
Abstract
 

Current Research Findings on End-of-Life Decision Making Among Racially or Ethnically
Diverse Groups.
Kwak J, Haley WE. 

Gerontologist
. 2005 Oct;45(5):634-41.
Abstract
 
Whose information is it anyway? Informing a 12-year-old patient of her terminal prognosis.
Goldie J, Schwartz L, Morrison J. 

J Med Ethics
. 2005 Jul;31(7):427-34
Abstract
 
Challenges in End-of-Life Care in the ICU: Statement of the 5th International Consensus
Conference in Critical Care: Brussels, Belgium, April 2003: Executive Summary.
Thompson BT, Cox PN, Antonelli M, et al
Crit Care Med. 2004 Aug;32(8):1781-1784
Abstract

Challenges in end-of-life care in the ICU Statement of the 5th International Consensus
Conference in Critical Care: Brussels, Belgium, April 2003.
Carlet J, Thijs LG, Antonelli M, Cassell , et al
Intensive Care Med. 2004 Apr 20
Abstract
 
FULL-TEXT ARTICLE
Twenty five years of requests for euthanasia and physician assisted suicide in Dutch
general practice: trend analysis
R L Marquet, A Bartelds, G J Visser, et al.
BMJ
2003;327 201-202
Paper
 
FULL-TEXT ARTICLE
National survey of medical decisions at end of life made by New Zealand general practitioners
Mitchell K, Owens RG

BMJ 2003;
327 202-203
Paper
 
FULL-TEXT ARTICLE
Effects of euthanasia on the bereaved family and friends: a cross sectional study
Swarte NB,van der Lee ML, Johanna G van der Bom JG et al,
BMJ 2003;327 189-0
Paper
 
Physician-assisted suicide in Oregon: what are the key factors?
Wineberg H, Werth JL Jr.
Death Stud. 2003 Jul;27(6):501-18.
Abstract

Withholding life prolonging treatment, and self deception
G M Sayers and S Perera
J Med Ethics 2002;28 347-3527
Abstract

Assisting death or letting die? Withdrawing treatment at the patients' request.
Baldwin A, Hurley C.
Nurs Crit Care 2002 Sep-Oct;7(5):241-6
Abstract

"Choice" in end-of-life decision making: researching fact or fiction?
Drought TS, Koenig BA. 
Gerontologist
2002 Oct;42 Spec No 3:114-28

Abstract

What's end of life got to do with it? Research ethics with populations at life's end.
Phipps EJ. 
Gerontologist 2002 Oct;42 Spec No 3:104-8
Abstract

 

Enteral Nutrition
         

         Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries

 
Ethical and Legal Aspects of Enteral Nutrition.
Korner U, Bondolfi A, Buhler E, et al 
Clin Nutr. 2006 May 5;

Abstract
 

Professional Associations
         

         Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries

  Gaps, conflicts, and consensus in the ethics statements of professional associations,
medical groups, and health plans.
Berkman ND, Wynia MK, Churchill LR. et al
J Med Ethics. 2004 Aug;30(4):395-401
Abstract
 

Physician Reimbursement
         

         Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries

  Ethics, economics, and physician reimbursement.
Baily MA.

Mt Sinai J Med. 2004 Sep;71(4):231-5.

Abstract
 

Bioterrorism
         

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 
  Ethical challenges in preparing for bioterrorism: barriers within the health care system.
Wynia MK, Gostin LO.
Am J Public Health. 2004 Jul;94(7):1096-102
Abstract

HIV/AIDS Exceptionalism
         

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 
 
Rethinking HIV exceptionalism: the ethics of opt-out HIV testing in sub-Saharan Africa.
April MD.

Bull World Health Organ
. 2010 Sep 1;88(9):703-8
Abstract

HIV exceptionalism, CD4+ cell testing, and conscientious subversion
Jansen LA 

J Med Ethics
2005;31 322-326

Abstract


Pharmaceutical Industry
         

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 
 
Should patents for antiretrovirals be waived in the developing world?
Annual varsity medical debate - London, 21 January 2011.
Corrick F, Watson R, Budhdeo S.

Philos Ethics Humanit Med
. 2011 Jul 8;6(1):13.
Abstract

Institutional mistrust in the organization of pharmaceutical clinical trials.
Fisher JA.

Med Health Care Philos.
2008 Jul 17.
Abstract


HIV Prevention
PEP        

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 
 
When the science fails and the ethics works: 'Fail-safe' ethics in the FEM-PrEP study.
Kingori P.

Anthropol Med
. 2015 Oct 20:1-17
Abstract

Testing the waters: Ethical considerations for including PrEP in a phase IIb HIV vaccine efficacy trial.
Dawson L, Garner S, Anude C,  et al
 
Clin Trials
. 2015 Apr 7
Abstract

Ethical Considerations in HIV Prevention and Vaccine Research in Resource-Limited Settings.
Garner SA, Anude CJ, Adams E, Dawson L.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr
. 2014 Sep 1;67(1):77-83.
Abstract

Bioethical Challenges With HIV Treatment as Prevention.
Sugarman J.

Clin Infect Dis
. 2014 Jul 1;59 Suppl 1:S32-4.
Abstract

Ethical issues in HIV prevention research with people who inject drugs.
Sugarman J, Rose SM, Metzger D.
Clin Trials. 2013 Oct 14.
Abstract

Separate Goals, Converging Priorities: On the Ethics of Treatment as Prevention.
Ostmann F, Saenz C.
Dev World Bioeth. 2013 Jun 25
Abstract

Ethics and Pre-exposure Prophylaxis for HIV Infection.
Sugarman J, Mayer KH.
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Jul;63 Suppl 2:S135-9.
Abstract

Ethical Use of Antiretroviral Resources for HIV Prevention in Resource Poor Settings.
Rennie S.Dev
World Bioeth. 2013 May 31
Abstract

Ethical Considerations in Determining Standard of Prevention Packages for HIV Prevention Trials:
Examining PrEP.
Haire B, Folayan MO, Hankins C, et al
Dev World Bioeth. 2013 May 31.
Abstract

Ethics of ARV Based Prevention: Treatment-as-Prevention and PrEP.
Haire B, Kaldor JM.
Dev World Bioeth. 2013 Apr 17.
Abstract

Establishing HIV treatment as prevention in the HIV Prevention Trials Network 052 randomized trial:
an ethical odyssey.
Cohen MS, McCauley M, Sugarman J.
Clin Trials. 2012;9(3):340-7.
Abstract

How Good Is "Good Enough"? The Case for Varying Standards of Evidence According to Need for
New Interventions in HIV Prevention.
Haire B, Kaldor J, Jordens CF.

Am J Bioeth
. 2012 Jun;12(6):21-30.
Abstract

 

Stigma
         

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 
  Stigma and the ethics of public health: not can we but should we.
Bayer R.
 
Soc Sci Med.
2008 Aug;67(3):463-72
Abstract

Executions
         

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 
  The medical-legal quandary of healthcare in capital punishment: an ethical dilemma for the anesthesia provider.
Johnson KW.  
AANA J. 2008 Dec;76(6):417-9.
Abstract

HIV Cure
         

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 
  FULL-TEXT ARTICLE
Contractualist reasoning, HIV cure clinical trials, and the moral (ir)relevance of the risk/benefit ratio.
Kumar R.
J Med Ethics. 2016 Sep 2.

Paper

FULL-TEXT ARTICLE
The ethics of talking about 'HIV cure'.
Rennie S, Siedner M, Tucker JD, Moodley K.

B
MC Med Ethics
. 2015 Mar 27;16(1):18.
Paper

Research into a functional cure for HIV in neonates: the need for ethical foresight.
Shah SK, Persaud D, Wendler DS,  et al
Lancet
Infect Dis
. 2014 Jun 3.

Abstract


Ebola Virus Disease
 

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries

  Prioritising Healthcare Workers for Ebola Treatment: Treating Those at Greatest Risk to Confer Greatest Benefit.
Satalkar P, Elger BE, Shaw DM.
Dev World Bioeth
. 2015 Feb 6

Abstract

Physicians' Obligations to Patients Infected with Ebola: Echoes of AIDS.
Minkoff H, Ecker J.

Am J Obstet Gynecol
. 2014 Dec 18. pii: S0002-9378(14)02485-5
Abstract

Ebola: what it tells us about medical ethics.
Dawson AJ.

J Med Ethics
. 2015 Jan;41(1):107-10.
Abstract

Ebola virus disease outbreak: incorporating ethical analysis into the health system response.
Saxena A.
Indian J Med Ethics. 2014 Oct-Dec;11(4):200-2.
Abstract

The Moral Challenge of Ebola.
Rothstein MA.
Am J Public Health. 2014 Oct 29:e1-e3.
Abstract


Sterilization
         

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 
  FULL-TEXT ARTICLE
Experiences of coercion to sterilize and forced sterilization among women living with HIV in Latin America.
Kendall T, Albert C.
J Int AIDS Soc. 2015 Mar 24;18(1):19462
Paper

Prison Challenges
         

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 
  FULL-TEXT ARTICLE
Professional deontology and medical practice in prisons.
García-Guerrero J, Vera-Remartínez EJ.

Rev Esp Sanid Penit
. 2015 Oct;17(2):47-52.
Paper

Conflicts of Interest
         

          Journal Papers, Abstracts, and Commentaries
 
  Conflict of Interest in Seminal Hepatitis C Virus and Cholesterol Management Guidelines.
Jefferson AA, Pearson SD.

JAMA Intern Med
. 2017 Jan 17
Abstract

 


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